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What Is Psilocybin Mushroom Detox And Withdrawal?
Psilocybin Mushrooms are a type of Hallucinogenic drug typically found growing naturally in Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. They are known for their perception-altering effects, which are similar to those of LSD in the brain as well as the body. Hallucinations and other effects from Psilocybin Mushrooms typically begin within 30 minutes and last from 4 to 6 hours. Generally, Psilocybin Mushrooms are considered low-risk for developing an addiction — though some have experienced a psychological dependence. However, some of the potential long-term effects of repeatedly using Psilocybin Mushrooms may require detox and medical attention to recover from.
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Psilocybin Mushrooms’ intense effects — the result of serotonin interaction on certain brain receptors, mostly in the prefrontal cortex — make it less prone to abuse and addiction. Conversely, most people will develop a tolerance to the effects of Psilocybin Mushrooms in as little as four days of regular use. Subsequently, taking more Psilocybin Mushrooms or similar Hallucinogens (like LSD and Mescaline) will have little to no effect — known as a “cross-tolerance.” When this happens, individuals must wait a period of time, until their body has gone through Hallucinogen detox and serotonin levels have returned to normal. Most urine tests can detect Psilocyn (a metabolite of Psilocybin Mushrooms) for up to 3 days after ingestion.
Cycling through periods of use and non-use (especially over prolonged periods of time) can lead to persistent psychoses such as hallucinations, confusion, paranoia, and mood changes. Psilocybin Mushroom detox can alleviate symptoms of withdrawal and help to reduce cravings to use again.
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What Does Psilocybin Mushroom Withdrawal Feel Like?
Once a person stops taking Psilocybin Mushrooms after a period of regular use, they may feel withdrawal symptoms within 24 to 48 hours. Just as the potency of Psilocybin Mushrooms and strength of its effects varies depending on the person and variety of Psilocybin Mushroom, withdrawal symptoms vary from person to person. Yet, due to the relatively low addictive potential of Psilocybin, most people won’t experience physical withdrawal symptoms after quitting Psilocybin Mushrooms. Other Hallucinogens, however, may cause withdrawal symptoms because they often contain habit-forming substances like Cocaine (as in some batches of Ecstasy).
If you’re experiencing withdrawal from Psilocybin Mushrooms, you might feel:
- Drug cravings
- Depressed mood
- Psychological withdrawal
- Difficulty separating reality from hallucinations
How Long Does Psilocybin Mushroom Detox Take?
Detoxing from Psilocybin Mushrooms after consuming them is commonly referred to as “coming down.” Typically, this last 24 hours or less and involves feelings of:
Extended periods of Psilocybin Mushrooms abuse, however, may take longer to fully detoxify the body, particularly because the long-term effects of Hallucinogens are primarily psychological. Hallucinatory flashbacks and Hallucinogen-persisting perception disorder (HPPD) are the most commonly reported long-term symptom of mushroom abuse. HPPD involves random hallucinations and other visual disturbances (such as seeing moving lights or objects).
What Is HPPD?
HPPD is a condition that affects some users of Hallucinogenic substances like Psilocybin Mushrooms, and individuals going through Psilocybin Mushroom detox and/or withdrawal may experience symptoms of HPPD.
Just as the subjective nature of Psychedelic experiences can vary from person to person, so too can the symptoms of HPPD. Some individuals afflicted with the condition have described blurry phenomena in their visual field, visions of halos and afterimages, and experiences of perceiving objects as smaller or larger than they actually are.
While not intrinsically harmful or painful, these effects could be distressing or unsettling to the individual experiencing Psilocybin Mushroom detox and/or withdrawal. Luckily, there may be multiple methods with which to treat these symptoms. Simply providing a safe and comfortable environment may allow the patient to relax while the symptoms of HPPD fade over time on their own; additionally, the Antiepileptic drug Lamotrigine was seen to reduce symptoms of HPPD in at least 1 case.
Antidepressants, on the other hand, may worsen the symptoms of HPPD. Those who take Antidepressants, particularly Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), should not take Psilocybin Mushrooms. Not only could the experience of detox and/or withdrawal be made much more unpleasant by the presence of SSRIs in the body, use of Psilocybin Mushrooms in conjunction with SSRIs may also result in serotonin syndrome. Serotonin syndrome can be fatal.
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