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What Are the Effects Of Using Ativan?
Ativan, also known by the generic name, Lorazepam, belongs to a group of drugs called Benzodiazepines. It is most commonly prescribed to treat anxiety disorders but may also be given to treat insomnia or before surgery. The effects of Ativan on a person will depend on many factors including age, medical history, and how long the medication is taken. Similar to other benzos, such as Valium, Ativan may lose its effectiveness and medical purposes if taken long term or in high doses.
Ativan is only available through prescription and is given by either tablet or IV injection at a doctor’s office. Because the effects of Ativan are tranquilizing, it is sometimes called a sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic medication. Benzodiazepines affect the GABA-A receptors of the brain which, when activated, produce calming effects. A person who is experiencing anxiety has an increase in chemicals such as adrenaline and a deficiency in GABA. Ativan begins to work about 15 to 30 minutes after it’s taken and has a peak effect within 1.5 hours. Dosage will depend on several factors including the severity of diagnosed condition, the form taken, and other medical conditions. Doctors typically start on a low dosage and adjust it over time until reaching desired effects. People who receive the Ativan injection must have it administered at a doctor’s office. Redness and pain may occur at the injection site but should disappear shortly after. The most common side effects that people on Ativan experience are:
- Lack of coordination
These side effects should disappear within a few days or a couple of weeks but if they become more severe or don’t go away, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
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Serious Side Effects Of Ativan
Ativan is not approved for use in children under 12 and is not recommended for older adults. Lower dosages are needed for seniors as they have an increased risk of falling and getting injured. Ativan should not be taken by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as the medication can pass on to the fetus or child and result in birth defects or neonatal abstinence syndrome. Additionally, this drug may not be appropriate for some people who have certain medical or psychiatric conditions such as:
- Depression: Although sometimes prescribed to treat anxiety and depression, Ativan may worsen symptoms. This medication should not be used by people with untreated depression. The FDA warns against suicidal thoughts, which may occur in people taking Ativan or other Benzodiazepines. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if your depression worsens or you have thoughts of suicide.
- Breathing disorders: Ativan may slow down breathing. People with breathing problems, such as sleep apnea or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), should try to avoid taking this medication.
- Acute narrow-angle glaucoma: Ativan can increase the pressure inside the eye, making the condition worse.
Serious side effects from Ativan aren’t too common, but you should call your doctor right away if you experience any. The risk of serious side effects from Ativan greatly increases if an individual consumes more than prescribed or if the medicine is used in any other form than prescribed (i.e., snorting or even intravenous). Call 911 if you experience allergic reactions or symptoms that feel life-threatening. Serious side effects include:
- Slowed or troubled breathing
- Respiratory failure
- Severe rash or hives
- Swelling of lips, tongue, or face
- Rapid heartbeat
Long-term Effects Of Ativan Use
Ativan is only FDA-approved for short-term use (up to four months) and long-term use of Ativan can cause serious side effects including dependence and rebound effects. Long-term use of this habit-forming drug can result in both physical and psychological dependence. This can lead to serious withdrawal symptoms once the medication is stopped. Withdrawal from Ativan can occur within one week of taking the drug and if taken longer, symptoms are more likely to occur. Withdrawal symptoms can include:
- Trouble sleeping
- Panic Attacks
Long-term use of Ativan can also lead to the patient experiencing rebound effects. Rebound effects, like rebound anxiety or insomnia, are a return of symptoms that were alleviated by the medication once the medicine has been stopped. If you wish to stop taking Ativan, talk to a healthcare provider who may taper or adjust the dosage until it is safe to stop treatment.
Overdose And Drug Interactions
It is possible to overdose on Ativan, and although often not fatal, can increase the risk of harmful or serious side effects. Using Ativan with other drugs or alcohol can increase in the risk of harmful or serious side effects, including overdose or death. Overdose symptoms include:
- Low blood pressure
- Trouble breathing
Taking Ativan with herbs or supplements such as chamomile, kava, lavender, melatonin, and valerian can cause excessive drowsiness and breathing problems. Taking Opioids with Ativan can cause similar effects and even more dangerous ones like respiratory failure, coma, or death. This medication should not be taken with other sedative drugs that include antihistamines, antipsychotics, and other benzodiazepines.
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Some people who take Ativan can become dependent or even addicted to the drug. The risk of this happening increases if the medication is used in higher doses than prescribed, or for long periods of time. Ativan dependence may lead to misuse or addiction and the risk is higher among people with a history of abusing alcohol or drugs. If you or a loved one is struggling with Ativan misuse or abuse, there is help available. Contact a treatment provider today.
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