Clinical Treatment For Drug And Alcohol Addiction
Clinical treatment focuses on the mental and emotional aspects of addiction and integrates therapy and counseling into a broader treatment plan. Patients in treatment centers engage with knowledgeable therapists to understand how addiction occurs and are screened for any possible co-occurring disorders. Therapists will evaluate patients for underlying factors, such as guilt and shame, while tackling core issues. Clinical treatments can include:
- Trauma resolution/ psycho-education
- Spirituality and core change
- Self-love techniques (The Powell Method)
- Building and/or rebuilding healthy relationships
- Living one’s best life
- 12-Step facilitation and relapse prevention
Benefits of Clinical Treatment
Patients will meet with a therapist to develop self-awareness and achieve personal transformation. Therapists help patients get to the root of their addiction issues through various questions and interactions. In particular, a high percentage of patients in recovery have co-occurring disorders. Military veterans, for instance, often use drugs to cope with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), as do victims of physical and sexual abuse.
Therapists often discover that the underlying causes of an addiction include:
- Excessive energy
- Peer pressure/popularity
- Combating feelings of depression
- Enhancing moods
- Stress reduction
- Poor lifestyle choices
- Escaping stress or pressure
- Filling voids
- Coping with trauma
- Lack of connection
- Enhancing self-esteem issues, guilt, or shame
- Self-medicating mental health disorders
- Compulsive behaviors like self-harm
- A need for endorphins (“feel good” chemicals)
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Clinical Treatment Methods
Trauma resolution unearths underlying reasons for addiction, encouraging empowerment in the patient via psycho-education. Trauma resolution is where many patients get to fully delve into their past to discover how it impacts their current problems. Patients may discover a single incident, its aftermath being largely responsible for their addiction, or they may find out that there are a number of problems.
Self-love centered therapies help patients rebuild their relationship with themselves. The Powell Method, used in some rehab facilities, combines spiritual elements and psychotherapy methods, resulting in an integration of self-love and self-awareness. Reflection on patients’ drug and alcohol abuse often accompany self-growth and self-acceptance. Patients improve self-control and work on setting and maintaining boundaries, gaining personal growth in the process of healing.
Patients also connect with therapists to gain insight on how to live a life of usefulness and purpose. Patients with addictions may feel disconnected, spiraling them into hopelessness. As patients become more self-aware, they can focus on their passions with the help of staff members. Sufferers who are severely depressed and hopeless can greatly benefit from reflection work.
Family dynamics are altered when a family member is addicted to alcohol or drugs. Trust can be broken, and family members can become severely distressed. Top-notch rehab centers concentrate on rebuilding relationships and allow family members to visit patients in rehab. Therapists also help patients discover how to transition back into home life.
Most rehab facilities offer access to 12-Step or 12-Step-oriented programs. These programs are largely based on Alcoholics Anonymous, the world’s largest alcoholism support group, and help patients establish a sense of community with others struggling with the same addictions. Many 12-step groups use spiritual teachings and practices, encouraging patients to also alter destructive habits and acknowledge a higher power. 12-Step programs are often a recovering addict’s primary source of support after they leave rehab, and often help maintain sobriety indefinitely.
Relapse prevention techniques are included in many treatment plans to prevent future drug or alcohol use. As patients gain insight on how to refuse drugs and alcohol, they can re-prioritize other valuable elements of their life. Life skills coaching is also an important part of relapse prevention, as it teaches skills that help treatment seekers make the right choices.
After patients complete rehab, they can remain connected to fellow patients and staff through alumni programs to build support and prevent relapses. Examples include private social media groups, organized 12-Step meetings, monthly charity events, and more. Alumni programs offer support in many ways and greatly aid participants in maintaining sobriety.
Available Clinical Treatment Methods
There are hundreds of different therapy methods, each of which has its own strengths and weaknesses. What is highly impactful for one patient may not be especially helpful for another. However, the sheer number of therapies available mean that there is a perfect fit for each treatment seeker. In actuality, most treatment seekers derive the greatest benefit from a combination of different therapies.
Common therapies used in addiction treatment include:
During, biofeedback therapy, patients hear pulses and see soothing images or lights while there are sensors on their skin. The resulting relaxation influences how patients respond to withdrawal symptoms. During biofeedback, vital signs are tracked and monitored by staff.
Psychotherapy delves into the mind of the patient and offers problem-solving solutions to addiction. Patients can connect thoughts and feelings for self-awareness. Psychotherapy explores any underlying challenges to addiction, including co-occurring disorders such as anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, eating disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Acupuncture can assist patients attain a higher sense of wellbeing and assist in alcohol and drug-related detox. Acupuncture helps the body function by energizing specific points on the body called “acupoints.” The goal of acupuncture is to release energetic blockages in the body. Small, sterilized needles are used, and heat can also be added for another sensation.
Yoga is used to promote a sense of wellbeing and relaxation. Patients stretch the body and deeply relax the nervous system. Patients can use yoga to find peace during rehab.
Guided meditation increases mental focus and allows patients to experience present-moment awareness. Meditation has also been shown to lower stress and increase relaxation. There are many forms of meditation, but many involve a participant closing their eyes, focusing, and repeatedly chanting a mantra such as “Om.’
Massages promote relaxation, reduce tension, and combat physical and emotional pain associated with drug and alcohol addiction.
Chiropractic therapy focuses on physical healing of the back to produce calmness, reduce tension, and reduce pain. The pain reduction brought about by chiropractic therapy is especially important for those who are addicted to painkillers such as Opioids, who often struggle with the return of their symptoms after they stop using.
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Writing, Art, and Music Therapy
Treatment center patients embrace creativity during writing, music, and art therapy. For example, reflection writing classes are offered by skilled personnel to prompt the patient. These creative outlets help patients connect to their pain and addiction in a healthy manner, leading them to self-discovery.
In group therapy, patients gain support of staff and patients. Some groups focus on 12-Step oriented practices, but may also include mindfulness and meditation practices, psycho-education focuses, stress reduction, and connection. Some facilities offer peer-led groups to encourage the flow of positive energy and the sacredness of patients healing in a positive space.
Family members are allowed to visit during designated visit times, providing extra support for patients and giving insight into what treatment is like. Family therapy both provides extra motivation for those in recovery and helps family members understand how they can best help their loved one.
Physical therapy helps patients overcome injuries and pain, which often are a major contributing factor to addiction, especially addiction to painkillers.
Gyms are present in some rehab facilities, encouraging patients to regain body strength. The best fitness therapies encourage physical wellness combined with proper nutrition.
Proper nutrition helps those in recovery feel better. It also helps minimize symptoms caused by co-occurring mental health conditions and physical ailments such pain which contribute to addiction. Many treatment facilities offer training and classes to teach those in recovery how to properly diet and prepare foods so that
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